Mongolia is a large country in which more than a third of the population lives in the capital, Ulaanbaatar, and the rest of the country is very sparsely populated. Although the Mongolian economy is primarily dependent on the export of raw materials, many people still make a living from traditional nomadic pastoralism. Although the economic situation there is gradually improving, the state is still failing to provide sufficient services for vulnerable groups and, in addition, is beginning to face pollution and insufficient protection of the nature and natural resources.
Caritas Czech Republic started operating in Mongolia in 2006 and two years later we opened a mission there. From the very beginning, our work in Mongolia was mainly focused on development projects, but we eventually combined that humanitarian aid, which is necessary for the country as it often has harsh and long winters. From the beginning, we focused mainly on activities in the field of education, social services and health care, often in remote and hard-to-reach parts of the country. We have gradually focused our work on supporting agriculture and sustainable pastoralism.
In recent years, we have mainly focused on environmental protection and sustainable development in Mongolia, especially on careful waste-handling. At the same time, however, we do not forget the local civil society, which we try to help by supporting young people or training local organizations. Our main office is in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar, but we also operate in five other provinces of Mongolia.